flag of Alabama
The Heart of Dixie
Admitted December 14, 1819

The flag of Alabama is perhaps the most simple of the U.S. state flags, though it is not free of controversy.

In 2016 it was removed, with a handful of other state flags, from a display at the U.S. Capitol because of Confederate imagery.

The red saltire could have a few origins, but because the flag was adopted amidst the rise of Jim Crow laws, many historians believe it references the Confederate battle flag.

This version of the flag (Alabama’s second) was officially adopted February 16, 1895.


The Alabama flag features a field of white charged with a crimson saltire.

flag of Alabama


Alabama statute specifically mentions the cross of St. Andrew (which is usually blue, not crimson). The saltire represents St. Andrew’s martyrdom, crucified on an X-shaped cross.

Because the flag has historically been depicted as square, it is often compared to the Confederate battle flag, though many now claim it was not an influence.

However in 1939, Alabama adopted its current coat of arms which does feature the Confederate battle flag.

flag with a saltire


The Alabama flag is one of few that only use two colors. It features white and a “crimson” matching the red from the U.S. national flag.

It is one of only four state flags to not include blue.

Cable No. 70001 White
Pantone White
Cable No. 70180 Old Glory Red
PMS 193C


Alabama statute doesn’t specify dimensions or even a shape for the flag.

Historically the flag was produced and depicted as square. In 1987 though, Alabama Attorney General Don Siegelman claimed the flag should be rectangular. The common proportion of 2:3 is often used now.

Statute does specify the red bars of the saltire be at least 6 inches wide.

construction sheet for the flag of Alabama

Previous iteration

In 1861, as Alabama left the Union, the Alabama Secession Convention adopted its first official flag. Designed by a group of women from Montgomery, it became known as the “Republic of Alabama Flag.” It only flew for a month before being replaced by the Confederate national flag.

It features a field of blue with the goddess Liberty on its obverse and a snake with cotton plant on its reverse. The Latin phrase “Noli Me Tangere” is inscribed which translates to “Touch Me Not” and is reminiscent of the Gadsden flag.

obverse and reverse of the Alabama flag from 1861